Dynamic analysis is an integral part of seismic risk assessment of industrial plants. Such analysis often neglects proper coupling between structures of coupled systems, which introduces uncertainty into the system and may lead to erroneous results, e.g., incorrect fragility curves, in comparison with the actual behavior of the analyzed structure. Hence, it is important to study the effect of uncertainties on the dynamic characteristics of a system, when coupling effects are both neglected and included.
Along this line, this paper intends to define and compare the fragility curves of both an isolated (decoupled) and a coupled tank-piping system subjected to seismic loading. In particular, for the decoupled case, we estimated the probability of exceedance of main engineering demand parameters within the Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering (PBEE) framework. Moreover, for the coupled case, to take into account the presence of the tank as boundary condition for the piping system, two sources of uncertainty were considered: i) the tank aspect ratio; ii) the piping-to-tank attachment height ratio. In addition, to model the tank slippage, both a Filtered White Noise (FWN) characterized by a Kanai-Tajimi spectrum and the non-stationarity of the seismic input were taken into account by means of the stochastic linearization. All these elements allow for the estimation of fragility curves for different limit states in the coupled case.