In Japan, to prevent nil-ductile fracture of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) due to neutron irradiation embrittlement, deterministic fracture mechanics evaluation in accordance with the standards developed by the Japan Electric Association is performed for assessing the structural integrity of RPVs under pressurized thermal shock (PTS) events considering neutron irradiation embrittlement. In recent years, a structural integrity assessment methodology based on probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) has been introduced into the regulations in the United States and a few European countries. PFM is a rational methodology for evaluating the failure frequency of important pressure boundary components by considering the statistical distributions of various influence factors related to ageing due to the long-term operation. At Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), a PFM analysis code called PASCAL has been developed to evaluate the failure frequency of RPVs considering neutron irradiation embrittlement and PTS events. In addition, JAEA has developed a guideline for the PFM based structural integrity assessment of RPVs to promote the applicability of PFM in Japan and achieve the objective that an engineer/analyst who familiar with the fracture mechanics to perform PFM analyses and evaluate through-wall cracking frequency (TWCF) of RPVs easily. The guideline consists of a main body (general requirements), explanation (guidance), and several supplements. The technical basis for PFM analysis is also provided, and the new information and better fracture mechanics models are included in the guideline. In this paper, an overview of the guideline and some typical analysis results obtained based on the guideline and the Japanese database related to PTS evaluation are presented.
Guideline on Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics Analysis for Japanese Reactor Pressure Vessels
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Katsuyama, J, Osakabe, K, Uno, S, Li, Y, & Yoshimura, S. "Guideline on Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics Analysis for Japanese Reactor Pressure Vessels." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 1B: Codes and Standards. Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. July 16–20, 2017. V01BT01A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2017-65921
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