Residual stress is a major factor in failure and fracture in structures or electronic components. Various testing methods are used to measure residual stress: there are saw-cutting, holedrilling, X-ray diffraction and layer-removing methods. In particular, instrumented indentation testing (IIT) has many advantages: it is a simple and non-destructive procedure that can be used for in-field testing.
In previous research, we proposed an algorithm for evaluating the magnitude and directionality of residual stress using an asymmetric Knoop indenter with long and short axes in the ratio 7.11:1. Indenting in different directions with a Knoop indenter creates different indentation load-depth curves depending on the residual stress state. In addition, the directionality of the residual stress can be expressed as a function of the load difference ratio calculated from these load-depth curves.
However, When the Knoop indentation test is performed at small indentation depths, experimental issues such as surface preparation or indentation normality can become significant as the load difference decreases. In order to solve these issues, we introduce a wedge indenter, that makes it possible to select the edge length independent of indentation depth. We can thus decrease indent size when working in a small testing area. The load difference between the stress-free and stressed state is related to the sensitivity of residual stresses, and a wedge indenter can maximize the sensitivity to residual stress. In this study, we suggest a way to use the wedge indenter and verify the model using cruciform bending specimens and finite element analysis.