Meniscal attachments serve to anchor and transfer loads from menisci to the tibia. These ligamentous tissues are composed of collagen fibers, elastin, ground substance and water. Ligaments have a time- and history-dependent viscoelastic behavior due in part to the interaction of the water and the ground substance [1]. The movement of water within ligamentous tissue is limited because of charged proteoglycan molecules. It has been shown that some exudation of water is present during cyclic loading of ligamentous tissue [2]. The movement and its inhibition could lead to changes of pressure within the meniscal attachments. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify the internal pressure in human meniscal attachments subjected to physiological loading. Since it is thought that the posterior attachment is subjected to both tension and compression, while the anterior attachment is primarily subjected to tension [3–5], we hypothesized that the attachments mechanical environment is dictated by the external loads, and hence, the posterior attachment would elicit higher pressures.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.