Due to their ability to change into a previously imprinted actual shape through the means of thermal and electrical activation, shape memory alloys (SMA) are suitable as actuators. To apply these smart materials to a wide range of high-speed applications like valves or safety systems, an analysis of the application potential is required. The detection of inner electrical resistance of SMA actuators allows gauging the actuator’s stroke. By usage of a microcontroller a smart system without any hardware sensors can be realized which protects the system from overheating during high-current activation. The publication concentrates on different experimental data on high-speed actuation under 20ms and the potentials in the field of industrial applications. The paper gives an overview about different controlling methods for SMA-actuators, experiments concerning the resistance behavior of SMA and the development of systems using a resistance control feedback signal during high-speed activation.
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High Speed Shape Memory Alloy Activation
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Czechowicz, A, Böttcher, J, Mojrzisch, S, & Langbein, S. "High Speed Shape Memory Alloy Activation." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems. Volume 2: Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Bio-Inspired Materials and Systems; Energy Harvesting. Stone Mountain, Georgia, USA. September 19–21, 2012. pp. 451-454. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2012-8213
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