This article investigates the electrical response of piezoelectric energy harvesters (PEHs) connected in series. Analytic estimates of harvested power output are proposed for a series PEH array system attached to various energy harvesting circuits, including standard and parallel-/series-SSHI (synchronized switch harvesting on inductor) interfaces. In contrast to the case of parallel connection of multiple oscillators, the results are presented through the matrix formulation of charging on capacitance. Besides, they are validated numerically by standard circuit simulations.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.