This paper focuses on the actuation mechanisms of CNT-papers and CNT-arrays. CNT-papers represent architectures of CNTs which are connected by van der Waals forces or structural entanglement. In contrast CNT-arrays are vertically aligned CNTs. Single CNTs are favored for investigation of the active behavior of the hexagonal carbon structure formed by covalent C-bonds. CNT-arrays feature contiuous tubes of 3 mm length which allows the test the tubes themselves. Thus they are clamped at each end they represent samples for testing covalent bonds. Both sample types are tested within an actuated tensile test set-up under different conditions to identify the specific influence. Furthermore different electrolytes are used to investigate the influence of the ion-radius on the CNT-paper. CNT-papers are tested in water-based electrolytes CNT-arrays are tested in an ionic liquid. It was found that the performance of CNT-papers strongly depends on the conditions which indicates ion-diffusion as actuation mechanism. However, CNT-arrays are almost unaffected by the conditions, considering their active response and sample composition quantum mechanical reasons seem to be the most appropriate explanation for the array actuation.
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Comparison of CNT-Papers and CNT-Arrays Regarding Their Active Behavior
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Geier, SM, Wierach, P, Mahrholz, T, & Sinapius, M. "Comparison of CNT-Papers and CNT-Arrays Regarding Their Active Behavior." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems. Volume 1: Development and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Mechanics and Behavior of Active Materials; Modeling, Simulation and Control of Adaptive Systems. Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA. September 21–23, 2015. V001T02A009. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2015-8992
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