The adaptation of a wing contour is important for most aircraft, because of the different flight states. That’s why an enormous number of mechanisms exists and reaches from conventional slats and flaps to morphing mechanisms, which are integrated in the wing. Especially integrated mechanisms reduce the number of gaps at the wing skin and produce less turbulent flow. However these concepts are located at a certain section of the wing. This leads to morphing and fixed wing sections, which are located next to each other. Commonly, the transition between these sections is not designed or a wing fence is used. If the transition is not designed, the wing has a step with an activated morphing mechanism and that produces additional vortices. A new skin design will be presented in order to smooth the contour between a fixed wing and a morphing wing. Here the transition between a droop nose and a fixed wing is considered. The skin material is a mix of ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber and glass-fiber reinforced plastic. The rubber is the baseline material, while the glass-fiber is added as stripes in chord-wise direction. In span-wise direction the glass fiber is connected with the rubber. The rubber carries the loads in span-wise direction and reduces the required actuation force. The glass fiber stiffens the skin locally in chord wise direction and keeps the basic contour of the skin. Some geometrical parameters within the skin layup can be varied to change the transition along the span or to reduce the maximum strain within the skin. The local strain maximum is a result of the material transition with different modules. One design of a leading edge was manufactured with an existing mold and it has a span of 200 mm. There are two essential aspects from a structural point of view. One is a nearly continuous deformation along the span and the second is the maximum strain in the rubber. Both aspects are investigated in an experiment and the results are compared with a simulation model. The results show a reliable concept and its numerical model, which will be assigned to a full scale demonstrator. This demonstrator will have a span of 1000 mm and will show the smooth skin transition between a droop nose and a fixed wing.
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Hybrid Skin Design of the Transition Region Between Morphing Wing and Fixed Wing
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Radestock, M, Falken, A, Riemenschneider, J, & Kintscher, M. "Hybrid Skin Design of the Transition Region Between Morphing Wing and Fixed Wing." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems. Volume 1: Development and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Modeling, Simulation, and Control of Adaptive Systems; Integrated System Design and Implementation. San Antonio, Texas, USA. September 10–12, 2018. V001T04A013. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2018-7976
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