Deterioration of Compressor Performance Due to Tip Clearance of Centrifugal Impellers

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Senoo

Research Institute of Industrial Science, Kyushu University, Kasugashi, Fukuoka 816, Japan

M. Ishida

Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, 852, Japan

J. Turbomach 109(1), 55-61 (Jan 01, 1987) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262070 History: Received January 24, 1986; Online November 09, 2009


The authors’ theory on the tip-clearance loss of centrifugal impellers is modified to include the variation of slip coefficient of the impeller due to the tip clearance, by deriving a rational relationship between two empirical parameters in the theory. In order to compare experimental data in the literature with prediction, examination was made regarding accuracy of available data and the way to select corresponding flow rates of a compressor with different values of tip clearance. Good agreement between data and prediction was observed. These examples demonstrate the following tendency regarding effects of various parameters on the tip clearance loss. Efficiency drop due to the tip clearance of high-pressure-ratio compressors is less than that of low-pressure-ratio compressors if the tip clearance ratio at the impeller exit is equal. The magnitude of clearance loss becomes smaller as the flow rate is reduced and also at a reduced shaft speed in cases of high-pressure-ratio compressors. The equations in the theory clearly show these tendencies.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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