Application of Advanced Computational Codes in the Design of an Experiment for a Supersonic Throughflow Fan Rotor

[+] Author and Article Information
J. R. Wood, J. F. Schmidt, R. J. Steinke, R. V. Chima, W. G. Kunik

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

J. Turbomach 110(2), 270-279 (Apr 01, 1988) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262191 History: Received February 17, 1987; Online November 09, 2009


Increased emphasis on sustained supersonic or hypersonic cruise has revived interest in the supersonic throughflow fan as a possible component in advanced propulsion systems. Use of a fan that can operate with a supersonic inlet axial Mach number is attractive from the standpoint of reducing the inlet losses incurred in diffusing the flow from a supersonic flight Mach number to a subsonic one at the fan face. The data base for components of this type is practically nonexistent; therefore, in order to furnish the required information for assessment of this type fan, a program has been initiated at the NASA Lewis Research Center to design, build, and test a fan rotor that operates with supersonic axial velocities from inlet to exit. This paper describes the design of the experiment using advanced computational codes to calculate the unique components required. The fan rotor has constant hub and tip radii and was designed for a pressure ratio of 2.7 with a tip speed of 457 m/s. The rotor was designed using existing turbomachinery design and analysis codes modified to handle fully supersonic axial flow through the rotor. A two-dimensional axisymmetric throughflow design code plus a blade element code were used to generate fan rotor velocity diagrams and blade shapes. A quasi-three-dimensional, thin shear layer Navier–Stokes code was used to assess the performance of the fan rotor blade shapes. The final design was stacked and checked for three-dimensional effects using a three-dimensional Euler code interactively coupled with a two-dimensional boundary layer code. A translating nozzle was designed to produce a uniform flow parallel to the fan up to the design axial Mach number of 2.0. The nozzle was designed with the three-dimensional Euler/interactive boundary layer code. The nozzle design in the expansion region was analyzed with a three-dimensional parabolized viscous code, which corroborated the results from the Euler code. A translating supersonic diffuser was designed using these same codes.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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