Low Aspect Ratio Axial Flow Compressors: Why and What It Means

[+] Author and Article Information
A. J. Wennerstrom

Aero Propulsion and Power Laboratory, Wright Research and Development Center (AFSC), Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433-6563

J. Turbomach 111(4), 357-365 (Oct 01, 1989) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3262280 History: Received March 01, 1989; Online November 09, 2009


One of the more visible changes that has occurred in fans and compressors for aircraft turbine engines that have entered development since about 1970 has been a significant reduction in the aspect ratio of the blading. This has brought with it a greatly reduced engine parts count and improved ruggedness and aeroelastic stability. This paper traces the evolution of thinking concerning appropriate aspect ratios for axial flow compressors since the early years of the aircraft turbine engine. In the 1950’s, moderate aspect ratios were favored for reasons of mechanical design. As mechanical design capability became more sophisticated, several attempts were made, primarily in the 1960s, to employ very high aspect ratios to reduce engine size and weight. Four of these programs are described that were largely unsuccessful for both mechanical and aerodynamic reasons. After 1970, the pendulum swung strongly in the other direction and designs of very low aspect ratio began to emerge. This has had a significant impact on compressor design systems, and a number of the ways in which design systems have been affected are discussed. Some concluding remarks are made concerning the author’s opinion of trends in the near future in aerodynamic design technology.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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