The Trailing Edge Loss of Transonic Turbine Blades

[+] Author and Article Information
J. D. Denton

Whittle Laboratory, Cambridge University Cambridge, England CB3 OEL

L. Xu

Beijing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics, Beijing, China

J. Turbomach 112(2), 277-285 (Apr 01, 1990) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2927648 History: Received February 01, 1989; Online June 09, 2008


Trailing edge loss is one of the main sources of loss for transonic turbine blades, contributing typically 1/3 of their total loss. Transonic trailing edge flow is extremely complex, the basic flow pattern is understood but methods of predicting the loss are currently based on empirical correlations for the base pressure. These correlations are of limited accuracy. Recent findings that the base pressure and loss can be reasonably well predicted by inviscid Euler calculations are justified and explained in this paper. For unstaggered choked blading, it is shown that there is a unique relationship between the back pressure and the base pressure and any calculation that conserves mass, energy and momentum should predict this relationship and the associated loss exactly. For realistic staggered blading, which operates choked but with subsonic axial velocity, there is also a unique relationship between the back pressure and the base pressure (and hence loss) but the relationship cannot be quantified without knowing a further relationship between the base pressure and the average suction surface pressure downstream of the throat. Any calculation that conserves mass, energy and momentum and also predicts this average suction surface pressure correctly will again predict the base pressure and loss. Two-dimensional Euler solutions do not predict the suction surface pressure exactly because of shock smearing but nevertheless seem to give reasonably accurate results. The effects of boundary layer thickness and trailing edge coolant ejection are considered briefly. Coolant ejection acts to reduce the mainstream loss. It is shown that suction surface curvature downstream of the throat may be highly beneficial in reducing the loss of blades with thick trailing edges operating at high subsonic or low supersonic outlet Mach numbers.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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