Impingement/Effusion Cooling: The Influence of the Number of Impingement Holes and Pressure Loss on the Heat Transfer Coefficient

[+] Author and Article Information
A. M. Al Dabagh, G. E. Andrews, R. A. A. Abdul Husain, C. I. Husain, A. Nazari, J. Wu

Department of Fuel and Energy, The University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 112(3), 467-476 (Jul 01, 1990) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2927682 History: Received January 27, 1989; Online June 09, 2008


Measurements of the overall heat transfer coefficient within an impingement/effusion cooled wall are presented. The FLUENT CFD computer code has been applied to the internal aerodynamics to demonstrate the importance of internal recirculation in the impingement gap. This generates a convective heat transfer to the impingement jet. Measurements of this heat transfer plate coefficient are presented that show it to be approximately half of the impingement/effusion heat transfer coefficient. The influence of the relative pressure loss or X/D between the impingement and effusion walls was investigated, for an effusion X/D of 4.67 and a Z of 8 mm, and shown to be only significant at high G where a reduction in h of 20 percent occurred. Increasing the number of holes N in the impingement/effusion array at a constant Z of 8 mm reduced h by 20 percent, mainly due to the higher Z/D for the smaller holes at high N. Reduced numbers of impingement holes relative to the effusion holes, in a ratio of 1 to 4, were shown to have a small influence on h with a maximum reduction in h of 20 percent at high G and a negligible effect at low G.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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