An Analysis Methodology for Internal Swirling Flow Systems With a Rotating Wall

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Williams

Rotating Machinery Aerothermodynamics/CFD Group, Rockwell International, Rocketdyne Division, Canoga Park, CA 91304

W. C. Chen, G. Baché, A. Eastland

Hydrodynamics Group, Rockwell International, Rocketdyne Division, Canoga Park, CA 91304

J. Turbomach 113(1), 83-90 (Jan 01, 1991) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2927741 History: Received January 27, 1989; Online June 09, 2008


This paper presents an analysis methodology for the calculation of the flow through internal flow components with a rotating wall such as annular seals, impeller cavities, and enclosed rotating disks. These flow systems are standard components in gas turbines and cryogenic engines and are characterized by subsonic viscous flow and elliptic pressure effects. The Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations for turbulent flow are used to model swirling axisymmetric flow. Bulk-flow or velocity profile assumptions aren’t required. Turbulence transport is assumed to be governed by the standard two-equation high Reynolds number turbulence model. A low Reynolds number turbulence model is also used for comparison purposes. The high Reynolds number turbulence model is found to be more practical. A novel treatment of the radial/swirl equation source terms is developed and used to provide enhanced convergence. Homogeneous wall roughness effects are accounted for. To verify the analysis methodology, the flow through Yamada seals, an enclosed rotating disk, and a rotating disk in a housing with throughflow are calculated. The calculation results are compared to experimental data. The calculated results show good agreement with the experimental results.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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