Centrifugal Compressor Inlet Guide Vanes for Increased Surge Margin

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Rodgers

Chief Conceptual Design, Sundstrand Power Systems, San Diego, CA 92123

J. Turbomach 113(4), 696-702 (Oct 01, 1991) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929136 History: Received January 27, 1990; Online June 09, 2008


This paper describes the results of compressor rig testing with a moderately high specific speed, high inducer Mack number, single-stage centrifugal compressor, with a vaned diffuser, and adjustable inlet guide vanes (IGVs). The results showed that the high-speed surge margin was considerably extended by the regulation of the IGVs, even though the vaned diffuser was apparently operating stalled. Simplified one-dimensional analysis of the impeller and diffuser performances indicated that at inducer tip Mach numbers approaching and exceeding unity, the high-speed surge line was triggered by inducer stall. Also, IGV regulation increased impeller stability. This permitted the diffuser to operate stalled, providing the net compression system stability remained on a negative slope.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.





Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In