Influence of High Rotational Speeds on the Heat Transfer and Discharge Coefficients in Labyrinth Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
W. Waschka, S. Wittig, S. Kim

Lehrstuhl und Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen, Universität Karlsruhe (T.H.), D-7500 Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany

J. Turbomach 114(2), 462-468 (Apr 01, 1992) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929166 History: Received January 17, 1990; Online June 09, 2008


Heat transfer and leakage loss measurements were obtained for compressible flows in typical straight-through labyrinth seals with high rotational speeds. The experiments are an extension of our earlier measurements in a stationary test facility. In order to ensure direct comparisons to the original experiments, the principal dimensions of the test facility and gas dynamic parameters of the hot gas were kept similar. The new study encompasses a wide range of Taylor numbers, Reynolds numbers, and clearances between the rotating annular fins and the stationary shroud. Heat transfer coefficients are determined for the stator as well as for the rotor. Temperature measurements along the cooled rotor were performed utilizing a high-accuracy telemetric system. Continuous clearance control was achieved by employing specially designed gages. Detailed pressure and temperature measurements in the axial as well as in the circumferential direction were performed. Heat transfer coefficients and loss parameters are presented and compared with those obtained under steady-state conditions.

Copyright © 1992 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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