Computational Study of Stall Flutter in Linear Cascades

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Abdel-Rahim, F. Sisto, S. Thangam

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030

J. Turbomach 115(1), 157-166 (Jan 01, 1993) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929200 History: Received January 18, 1991; Online June 09, 2008


Aeroelastic interaction in turbomachinery is of prime interest to opertors, designers, and aeroelasticans. Operation at off-design conditions may promote blade stall; eventually the stall pattern will propagate around the blade annulus. The unsteady periodic nature of propagating stall will force blade vibration and blade flutter may occur if the stall propagation frequency is entrained by the blade natural frequency. In this work a computational scheme based on the vortex method is used to simulate the flow over a linear cascade of airfoils. The viscous effect is confined to a thin layer, which determines the separation points on the airfoil surfaces. The preliminary structural model is a two-dimensional characteristic section with a single degree of freedom in either bending or torsion. A study of the relationship between the stall propagation frequency and the blade natural frequency has been conducted. The study shows that entrainment, or frequency synchronization, occurs, resulting in pure torsional flutter over a certain interval of reduced frequency. A severe blade torsional amplitude (of order 20 deg) has been computed in the entrainment region, reaching its largest value in the center of the interval. However, in practice, compressor blades will not sustain this vibration and blade failure may occur before reaching such a large amplitude. Outside the entrainment interval the stall propagation is shown to be independent of the blade natural frequency. In addition, computational results show that there is no entrainment in the pure bending mode. Rather, “de-entrainment” occurs with similar flow conditions and similar stall frequencies, resulting in blade buffeting in pure bending.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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