Computation of Unsteady Viscous Flow Through Turbomachinery Blade Row Due to Upstream Rotor Wakes

[+] Author and Article Information
Y.-H. Ho, B. Lakshminarayana

The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University Park, PA 16802

J. Turbomach 117(4), 541-552 (Oct 01, 1995) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836566 History: Received March 17, 1993; Online January 29, 2008


A time-accurate, two-dimensional, pressure-based, Navier–Stokes solver for incompressible flow is developed and used to carry out the numerical simulation of rotor–stator interaction. A low-Reynolds-number form of the two-equation turbulence model is used to account for the turbulence effects. In order to improve the accuracy of the numerical scheme, a central differencing plus an artificial dissipation scheme is implemented to provide precise control of numerical dissipation. An inner loop iteration scheme is used at each time step to account for the nonlinear effects. The computation of unsteady flow through a flat plate cascade subjected to a transverse gust reveals that the choice of grid spacing and the amount of artificial dissipation is critical for accurate prediction of unsteady phenomena. The rotor–stator interaction problem is simulated by starting the computation upstream of the stator, and the upstream rotor wake is specified from the experimental data. The results show that the stator potential effects have appreciable influence on the upstream rotor wake. The predicted unsteady wake profiles are compared with the available experimental data and the agreement is good. The numerical results are interpreted to draw conclusions on the unsteady wake transport mechanism in the blade passage.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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