The Effect of Tip Clearance on a Swept Transonic Compressor Rotor

[+] Author and Article Information
W. W. Copenhaver, E. R. Mayhew

Wright Patterson AFB, OH 45433

C. Hah

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

A. R. Wadia

GE Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH 45215

J. Turbomach 118(2), 230-239 (Apr 01, 1996) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836630 History: Received March 04, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


An experimental and numerical investigation of detailed tip clearance flow structures and their effects on the aerodynamic performance of a modern low-aspect-ratio, high-throughflow, axial transonic fan is presented. Rotor flow fields were investigated at two clearance levels experimentally, at tip clearance to tip blade chord ratios of 0.27 and 1.87 percent, and at four clearance levels numerically, at ratios of zero, 0.27, 1.0, and 1.87 percent. The numerical method seems to calculate the rotor aerodynamics well, with some disagreement in loss calculation, which might be improved with improved turbulence modeling and a further refined grid. Both the experimental and the numerical results indicate that the performance of this class of rotors is dominated by the tip clearance flows. Rotor efficiency drops six points when the tip clearance is increased from 0.27 to 1.87 percent, and flow range decreases about 30 percent. No optimum clearance size for the present rotor was indicated. Most of the efficiency change occurs near the tip section, with the interaction between the tip clearance flow and the passage shock becoming much stronger when the tip clearance is increased. In all cases, the shock structure was three dimensional and swept, with the shock becoming normal to the endwall near the shroud.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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