Windage Heating of Air Passing Through Labyrinth Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
J. A. Millward, M. F. Edwards

Rolls-Royce Plc, Derby, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 118(2), 414-419 (Apr 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836657 History: Received February 04, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


The viscous drag on rotating components in gas turbine engines represents both a direct loss of power from the cycle and an input of heat into the secondary (cooling) air system. Hotter cooling air in turn means increased flow requirements. The effects of windage on performance are therefore compounded. To facilitate accurate temperature predictions of highly stressed components, information is needed on windage characteristics of all elements in the secondary cooling system. Much information is available in the literature for disks, cones, cylinders, bolts, etc., but little has been published on windage heating in high-speed seals. Results are presented for experiments carried out (at representative nondimensional conditions) on different designs of labyrinth seals. The results are compared with values calculated from the simple momentum balance theory suggested by McGreeham and Ko [13] and with several values determined from CFD analysis.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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