Evaluation and Prediction of Blade-Passing Frequency Noise Generated by a Centrifugal Blower

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Ohta, E. Outa, K. Tajima

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

J. Turbomach 118(3), 597-605 (Jul 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836707 History: Received March 02, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


The blade-passing frequency noise, abbreviated to BPF noise, of a low-specific-speed centrifugal blower is analyzed by separating the frequency response of the transmission passage and the intensity of the noise source. Frequency response has previously been evaluated by the authors using a one-dimensional linear wave model, and the results have agreed well with the experimental response in a practical range of the blower speed. In the present study, the intensity of the noise source is estimated by introducing the quasi-steady model of the blade wake impingement on the scroll surface. The effective location of the noise source is determined by analyzing the cross-correlation between measured data of the blower suction noise and pressure fluctuation on the scroll surface. Then, the surface density distribution of a dipole noise source is determined from pressure fluctuation expressed in terms of quasi-steady dynamic pressure of the traveling blade wake. Finally, the free-field noise level is predicted by integrating the density spectrum of the noise source over the effective source area. The sound pressure level of the blower suction noise is easily predicted by multiplying the free-field noise level by the frequency-response characteristics of the noise transmission passage.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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