Effects of Streamwise Pressure Gradient on Turbulent Spot Development

[+] Author and Article Information
J. P. Gostelow

Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

N. Melwani

School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Technology, Sydney, Sydney, Australia

G. J. Walker

Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

J. Turbomach 118(4), 737-743 (Oct 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2840929 History: Received March 10, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


A pressure distribution representative of a controlled diffusion compressor blade suction surface is imposed on a flat plate. Boundary layer transition in this situation is investigated by triggering a wave packet, which evolves into a turbulent spot. The development from wave packet to turbulent spot is observed and the interactions of the turbulent spot with the ongoing natural transition and the ensuing turbulent boundary layer are examined. Under this steeply diffusing pressure distribution, strong amplification of primary instabilities prevails. Breakdown to turbulence is instigated near the centerline and propagates transversely along the wave packet until the turbulent region dominates. An extensive calmed region is present behind the spot, which persists well into the surrounding turbulent layer. Celerities of spot leading and trailing edges are presented, as is the spanwise spreading half-angle. Corresponding measurements for spots under a wide range of imposed pressure gradients are compiled and the present results are compared with those of other authors. Resulting correlations for spot propagation parameters are provided for use in computational modeling of the transition region under variable pressure gradients.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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