Film Cooling With Compound Angle Holes: Heat Transfer

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Sen, D. L. Schmidt, D. G. Bogard

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712

J. Turbomach 118(4), 800-806 (Oct 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2840937 History: Received February 09, 1994; Online January 29, 2008


Heat transfer coefficients have been measured for film cooling injection from a single row of holes laterally directed with a compound angle of 60 deg. Two hole configurations were tested, round holes and holes with a diffusing expansion at the exit. Streamwise-directed round holes were also tested as a basis for comparison. All the holes were inclined at 35 deg with respect to the surface. The density ratio was 1.0, momentum flux ratios ranged from I = 0.16 to 3.9, and mass flux ratios ranged from M = 0.4 to 2.0. Results are presented in terms of hf /ho , the ratio of film cooling heat transfer coefficient to the heat transfer coefficient for the undisturbed turbulent boundary layer at the same location. Results indicate that for the streamwise directed holes, the heat transfer rates are close to the levels that exist without injection. Similarly, at low momentum flux ratio, holes with a large compound angle had little effect on heat transfer rates. However, at high momentum flux ratios, holes with a large compound angle had significantly increased heat transfer levels. The results were combined with adiabatic effectiveness results to evaluate the overall performance of the three geometries. It is shown that for evaluation of film cooling performance with compound angle injection, especially at high momentum flux ratios, it is critical to know the heat transfer coefficient, as the adiabatic effectiveness alone does not determine the performance. Compound angle injection at high momentum flux ratios gives higher effectiveness values than streamwise-directed holes, but the higher heat transfer levels result in poorer overall performance.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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