Influence of Leading-Edge Geometry on Profile Losses in Turbines at Off-Design Incidence: Experimental Results and an Improved Correlation

[+] Author and Article Information
M. W. Benner, S. A. Sjolander

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

S. H. Moustapha

Pratt& Whitney Canada, Inc., Longueuil, Quebec, Canada

J. Turbomach 119(2), 193-200 (Apr 01, 1997) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841101 History: Received March 10, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


The most recent correlations for turbine profile losses at off-design incidence include the leading-edge diameter as the only aspect of the leading-edge geometry that influences the losses. Cascade measurements are presented for two turbine blades that differ primarily in their leading-edge geometries. The incidence was varied over a range of ±20 deg and the results show significant discrepancies between the observed profile losses and those predicted by the available correlations. Using data from the present experiments, as well as cases from the literature for which sufficient geometric data are given, a revised correlation has been developed. The new correlation is a function of both the leading-edge diameter and the wedge angle, and it is significantly more successful than the existing correlations. It is argued that the off-design loss behavior of the blade is influenced by the magnitude of the discontinuity in curvature at the points where the leading-edge circle meets the rest of the blade profile. The wedge angle appears to be an approximate and convenient measure of the discontinuity in curvature at these blend points.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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