Effects of Free-Stream Turbulence on the Instantaneous Heat Transfer in a Wall Jet Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Yavuzkurt

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center for Gas Turbines and Power, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

J. Turbomach 119(2), 359-363 (Apr 01, 1997) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841119 History: Received February 05, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


This is a preliminary study in order to understand how free-stream turbulence increases heat transfer. Effects of free-stream turbulence on instantaneous heat transfer were investigated in a wall jet flow. Heat transfer traces obtained by a hot-film probe flush-mounted with the surface showed an intermittent structure with definite peaks at certain time intervals. The number of peaks per unit time increased with increasing turbulence intensity. A wall jet test rig was designed and built. The initial thickness and the velocity of the wall jet were 10 cm and 24.4 m/s, respectively. The hot-film probe, which was flush with the surfaces, was positioned at 10 cm intervals on the surface in the flow direction. The profiles of mean velocity and axial component of the Reynolds stress were measured with a horizontal hot-wire probe. Space correlation coefficients for u′ and q′ were obtained in the vertical direction to the wall. This paper concentrates on the effects of turbulence level on instantaneous heat transfer at the wall. It is speculated that the intermittent structures of the heat transfer traces are related to burst phenomena and increase in heat transfer is due to increased ejections (bursts) at the wall with increasing turbulence levels.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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