Prediction and Measurement of the Total Pressure Loss in an Engine Representative Diffuser System

[+] Author and Article Information
A. R. Little, P. A. Denman, A. P. Manners

Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering and Transport Studies, Loughborough University of Technology, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 119(2), 390-396 (Apr 01, 1997) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841123 History: Received February 10, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


An experimental and computational investigation of the flow in an engine representative diffuser system has been performed. Many parametric changes to the system were considered including inlet conditions, prediffuser geometry, cowl geometry and prediffuser strut position. The focus of this paper is an overview of the results from the twelve configurations that were both predicted and experimentally tested. It was shown that the CFD predictions contained a high degree of numerical error and that to reduce this to a low level would currently be impractical for a parametric study of this type. However, by carefully maintaining approximately the same degree of numerical error in the predictions, it was shown that a valid parametric study could be performed to the extent that the same conclusions about the parametric changes can be drawn equally from the predictions or measurements with one small exception. It was recognized that the level of agreement between the predicted and measured losses was to a degree fortuitous and that the k–ε turbulence model performs poorly for this type of flow.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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