Three-Dimensional Navier–Stokes Computation of Turbine Nozzle Flow With Advanced Turbulence Models

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Luo, B. Lakshminarayana

Center for Gas Turbine and Power, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

J. Turbomach 119(3), 516-530 (Jul 01, 1997) (15 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841153 History: Received March 10, 1995; Online January 29, 2008


A three-dimensional Navier–Stokes procedure has been used to compute the three-dimensional viscous flow through the turbine nozzle passage of a single-stage turbine. A low-Reynolds-number k–ε model and a zonal k-ε/ARSM (algebraic Reynolds stress model) are utilized for turbulence closure. The algebraic Reynolds stress model is used only in the endwall region to represent the anisotropy of turbulence. A four-stage Runge–Kutta scheme is used for time integration of both the mean-flow and the turbulence transport equations. For the turbine nozzle flow, comprehensive comparisons between the predictions and the experimental data obtained at Penn State show that most features of the vortex-dominated endwall flow, as well as nozzle wake structure, have been captured well by the numerical procedure. An assessment of the performance of the turbulence models has been carried out. The two models are found to provide similar predictions for the mean flow parameters, although slight improvement in the prediction of some secondary flow quantities has been obtained by the ARSM model.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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