Aerodynamic Aspects of Endwall Film-Cooling

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Friedrichs, H. P. Hodson, W. N. Dawes

Whittle Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 119(4), 786-793 (Oct 01, 1997) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841189 History: Received February 01, 1996; Online January 29, 2008


This paper describes an investigation of the aerodynamic aspects of endwall film-cooling, in which the flow field downstream of a large-scale low-speed linear turbine cascade has been measured. The integrated losses and locations of secondary flow features with and without endwall film-cooling have been determined for variations of both the coolant supply pressure and injection location. Together with previous measurements of adiabatic film-cooling effectiveness and surface-flow visualization, these results reveal the nature of the interactions between the ejected coolant and the flow in the blade passage. Measured hole massflows and a constant static pressure mixing analysis, together with the measured losses, allow the decomposition of the losses into three distinct entropy generation mechanisms: loss generation within the hole, loss generation due to the mixing of the coolant with the mainstream, and change in secondary loss generation in the blade passage. Results show that the loss generation within the coolant holes is substantial and that ejection into regions of low static pressure increases the loss per unit coolant massflow. Ejection upstream of the three-dimensional separation lines on the endwall changes secondary flow and reduces its associated losses. The results show that it is necessary to take the three-dimensional nature of the endwall flow into account in the design of endwall film-cooling configurations.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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