Automatic Genetic Optimization Approach to Two-Dimensional Blade Profile Design for Steam Turbines

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Trigg, G. R. Tubby, A. G. Sheard

Allen Steam Turbines, Bedford, United Kingdom

J. Turbomach 121(1), 11-17 (Jan 01, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841220 History: Received February 01, 1997; Online January 29, 2008


In this paper a systematic approach to the optimization of two-dimensional blade profiles is presented. A genetic optimizer has been developed that modifies the blade profile and calculates its profile loss. This process is automatic, producing profile designs significantly faster and with significantly lower loss than has previously been possible. The optimizer developed uses a genetic algorithm to optimize a two-dimensional profile, defined using 17 parameters, for minimum loss with a given flow condition. The optimizer works with a “population” of two-dimensional profiles with varied parameters. A CFD mesh is generated for each profile, and the result is analyzed using a two-dimensional blade-to-blade solver, written for steady viscous compressible flow, to determine profile loss. The loss is used as the measure of a profile’s “fitness” The optimizer uses this information to select the members of the next population, applying crossovers, mutations, and elitism in the process. Using this method, the optimizer tends toward the best values for the parameters defining the profile with minimum loss.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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