Investigation of Pre-stall Mode and Pip Inception in High-Speed Compressors Through the Use of Correlation Integral

[+] Author and Article Information
Michelle M. Bright

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

Helen K. Qammar, Leizhen Wang

University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325

J. Turbomach 121(4), 743-750 (Oct 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836728 History: Received February 01, 1998; Online January 29, 2008


Five high-speed compressor configurations are used to identify pre-stall pressure signal activity under clean and distorted inlet conditions, and under steady injection and controlled injection conditions. Through the use of a nonlinear statistic called correlation integral, variations in the compressor dynamics are identified from the pre-stall pressure activity far before variations (modal or pip) are observed visually in the wall static pressure measurements. The correlation integral not only discerns changing dynamics of these compressors prior to stall, but is now used to measure the strength of the tip flow field for these five high-speed compressors. Results show that correlation integral value changes dramatically when the stall inception is modal; and it changes less severely when the stall inception is through pip disturbances. This algorithm can therefore distinguish from the pre-stall pressure traces when a machine is more likely to stall due to pips versus modes. When used in this manner, the correlation integral thus provides a measure of tip flow strength. The algorithm requires no predisposition about the expected behavior of the data in order to detect changing dynamics in the compressor; thus, no pre-filtering is necessary. However, by band-pass filtering the data, one can monitor changing dynamics in the tip flow field for various frequency regimes. An outcome of this is to associate changes in correlation integral value directly with frequency specific events occurring in the compressor, i.e., blade length scale events versus long length scale acoustic events. The correlation integral provides a potential advantage over linear spectral techniques because a single sensor is used for detection and analysis of the instabilities.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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