Tip-Clearance and Secondary Flows in a Transonic Compressor Rotor

[+] Author and Article Information
G. A. Gerolymos, I. Vallet

LEMFI, URA CNRS 1504, Bâtiment 511, Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, 91405 Orsay, Paris, France

J. Turbomach 121(4), 751-762 (Oct 01, 1999) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836729 History: Received February 01, 1998; Online January 29, 2008


The purpose of this paper is to investigate tip-clearance and secondary flows numerically in a transonic compressor rotor. The computational method used is based on the numerical integration of the Favre-Reynolds-averaged three-dimensional compressible Navier–Stokes equations, using the Launder–Sharma near-wall k–ε turbulence closure. In order to describe the flowfield through the tip and its interaction with the main flow accurately, a fine O-grid is used to discretize the tip-clearance gap. A patched O-grid is used to discretize locally the mixing-layer region created between the jetlike flow through the gap and the main flow. An H–O–H grid is used for the computation of the main flow. In order to substantiate the validity of the results, comparisons with experimental measurements are presented for the NASA _37 rotor near peak efficiency using three grids (of 106 , 2 X 106 , and 3 X 106 points, with 21, 31, and 41 radial stations within the gap, respectively). The Launder–Sharma k–ε model underestimates the hub corner stall present in this configuration. The computational results are then used to analyze the interblade-passage secondary flows, the flow within the tip-clearance gap, and the mixing downstream of the rotor. The computational results indicate the presence of an important leakage-interaction region where the leakage-vortex after crossing the passage shock-wave mixes with the pressure-side secondary flows. A second trailing-edge tip vortex is also clearly visible.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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