Local Measurement of Loss Using Heated Thin-Film Sensors

[+] Author and Article Information
M. R. D. Davies, F. K. O’Donnell

PEI Technologies: Stokes Research Institute, Department of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland

J. Turbomach 121(4), 814-818 (Oct 01, 1999) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2836735 History: Received February 01, 1998; Online January 29, 2008


A calibration equation is derived linking the nondimensional entropy generation rate per unit area with the nondimensional aerodynamic wall shear stress and free-stream pressure gradient. It is proposed that the latter quantities, which can be measured from surface sensors, be used to measure the profile entropy generation rate. It is shown that the equation is accurate for a wide range of well-defined laminar profiles. To measure the dimensional entropy generation rate per unit area requires measurement of the thickness of the boundary layer. A general profile equation is given and used to show the range of accuracy of a further simplification to the calibration. For flows with low free-stream pressure gradients, the entropy generation rate is very simply related to the wall shear stress, if both are expressed without units. An array of heated thin film sensors is calibrated for the measurement of wall shear stress, thus demonstrating the feasibility of using them to measure profile entropy generation rate.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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