Unsteady Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics of a High-Bypass Ratio Fan Stage

[+] Author and Article Information
Anil Prasad, Dilip Prasad

Aerodynamics Division, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Engines, East Hartford, CT 06108

J. Turbomach 127(1), 64-75 (Feb 09, 2005) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1811103 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online February 09, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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Grahic Jump Location
Meridional view of the flow configuration for coupled simulations of the fan system. The broken lines indicate the locations of the sliding interface planes.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of rotor isentropic Mach number distributions at various spanwise locations for a high-power engine setting. Lines: isolated calculation; symbols: coupled calculation (for clarity, only every other point is shown).
Grahic Jump Location
Variation with fan face tip relative Mach number Mf of (a) computed acoustic power level at 1.25 (□) and 2.05 (▵) tip chords upstream of fan tip leading edge, and (b) shock strength Z, and supersonic span fraction σ. The approximate prediction of acoustic power using a one-dimensional analysis is shown in (c).
Grahic Jump Location
Position of the rotor leading-edge shock for several values of fan face tip relative Mach number Mf
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of measured inlet shock noise power level with fan face tip relative Mach number Mf
Grahic Jump Location
Radial profiles at x=2.7 of (a) normalized turbulent kinetic energy and (b) normalized turbulent length scale at the approach (AP), flyover (FY), sideline (SL), and maximum power (MP) conditions
Grahic Jump Location
Streamline patterns near the blade suction surface at the (a) flyover, (b) sideline, and (c) maximum power acoustic conditions. (d) Isentropic Mach number distributions at 80% span for the flyover (- - -), sideline (—) and maximum power (-⋅-⋅-) conditions.
Grahic Jump Location
Flow features associated with the rotor at the approach condition: (a) Streamline pattern near blade suction surface and (b) contours of normalized turbulent kinetic energy at x=2.5
Grahic Jump Location
Average normalized turbulent kinetic energy at x=2.7 as function of fan face tip relative Mach number Mf. The approach (AP), flyover (FY), sideline (SL), and maximum power (MP) conditions are indicated.
Grahic Jump Location
Isentropic Mach number distribution on the IGV at midspan: the time-averaged coupled calculation result (○) is compared with that of the isolated rotor simulation (—).
Grahic Jump Location
Unsteady pressure distribution on the IGV. The real part (upper panel) and imaginary part (lower panel) are shown on the pressure (left) and suction (right) surfaces.
Grahic Jump Location
Normalized turbulent kinetic energy τ associated with the rotor wakes entering the IGV. The IGV leading edges are indicated. The view shown is from downstream and rotor motion is counterclockwise.
Grahic Jump Location
Real part of the rotor-frame unsteady pressure field at the vane passing frequency on (a) a meridional midrotor passage plane and (b) radial plane located at the IGV midspan
Grahic Jump Location
Radial profiles of (a) relative Mach number and (b) relative swirl angle at x=2.5. The splitter location is indicated by the broken line.
Grahic Jump Location
Isentropic Mach number on the FEGV at three spanwise locations obtained from the coupled time-averaged simulation (symbols) and the isolated calculation (lines)
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the locus of maximum rotor wake velocity deficit from the coupled (□) and isolated rotor (—) simulations at x=2.75
Grahic Jump Location
Radial profiles at x=2.7 of the (a) magnitude and (b) phase of the normalized gust excitation components at BPF
Grahic Jump Location
Unsteady static pressure perturbation on the FEGV at BPF. The real part (upper panel) and imaginary part (lower panel) are shown on the pressure (left) and suction (right) surfaces.
Grahic Jump Location
Real part of unsteady pressure at BPF on a midspan plane through the FEGV
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Magnitude of unsteady pressure at BPF and (b) radial profile of absolute Mach number on a plane downstream of the FEGV



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