Research Papers

Analysis of the Effect of Multirow and Multipassage Aerodynamic Interaction on the Forced Response Variation in a Compressor Configuration—Part I: Aerodynamic Excitation

[+] Author and Article Information
Harald Schoenenborn

MTU Aero Engines AG,
Munich 80995, Germany
e-mail: Harald.Schoenenborn@mtu.de

Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received August 21, 2017; final manuscript received October 24, 2017; published online February 28, 2018. Editor: Kenneth Hall.

J. Turbomach 140(5), 051004 (Feb 28, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: TURBO-17-1126; doi: 10.1115/1.4038868 History: Received August 21, 2017; Revised October 24, 2017

The aeroelastic prediction of blade forcing is still a very important topic in turbomachinery design. Usually, the wake from an upstream airfoil and the potential field from a downstream airfoil are considered as the main disturbances. In recent years, it became evident that in addition to those two mechanisms, Tyler–Sofrin modes, also called scattered or spinning modes, may have a significant impact on blade forcing. It was recently shown in literature that in multirow configurations, not only the next but also the next but one blade row is very important as it may create a large circumferential forcing variation, which is fixed in the rotating frame of reference. In the present paper, a study of these effects is performed on the basis of a quasi three-dimensional (3D) multirow and multipassage compressor configuration. For the analysis, a harmonic balancing code, which was developed by DLR Cologne, is used for various setups and the results are compared to full-annulus unsteady calculations. It is shown that the effect of the circumferentially different blade excitation is mainly contributed by the Tyler–Sofrin modes and not to blade-to-blade variation in the steady flow field. The influence of various clocking positions, coupling schemes and number of harmonics onto the forcing is investigated. It is also shown that along a speed-line in the compressor map, the blade-to-blade forcing variation may change significantly. In addition, multirow flutter calculations are performed, showing the influence of the upstream and downstream blade row onto aerodynamic damping. The effect of these forcing variations onto random mistuning effects is investigated in the second part of the paper.

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Fig. 1

Superposition of Tyler–Sofrin modes

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Fig. 2

Computational setup

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Fig. 4

Vibration mode shape

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Fig. 5

Steady Mach number flow field

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Fig. 6

Cumulative influence of perturbations on R1 aerodynamic work

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Fig. 7

Influence number of harmonics

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Fig. 8

Influence of rotor 2 position

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Fig. 9

Influence of harmonic 0

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Fig. 10

Wave decomposition and cutoff ratio outlet R1

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Fig. 11

Cumulative influence of perturbations on R2 aerodynamic work

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Fig. 12

Influence number of harmonics

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Fig. 13

Influence of rotor 2 position

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Fig. 14

Influence of harmonic 0

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Fig. 15

Wave decomposition and cutoff ratio outlet R2

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Fig. 16

Difference plot steady flow solution

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Fig. 17

Operating point variation rotor 1 and rotor 2

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Fig. 18

Configurations for flutter calculations

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Fig. 19

Flutter curves rotor 1



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