0
Research Papers

Further Investigation on Acoustic Stall-Warning Approach in Compressors

[+] Author and Article Information
Xu Dong

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
Beihang University,
No. 37 Xueyuan Road,
Haidian District,
Beijing 100191, China
e-mail: buaadongxu@buaa.edu.cn

Fanyu Li

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
Beihang University,
No. 37 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District,
Beijing 100191, China
e-mail: 00010601@163.com

Ruize Xu

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
Beihang University,
No. 37 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District,
Beijing 100191, China
e-mail: xreese@foxmail.com

Dakun Sun

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
Beihang University,
No. 37 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District,
Beijing 100191, China
e-mail: sundk@buaa.edu.cn

Xiaofeng Sun

School of Energy and Power Engineering,
Beihang University,
No. 37 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District,
Beijing 100191, China
e-mail: sunxf@buaa.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received August 24, 2017; final manuscript received October 21, 2018; published online January 21, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Graham Pullan.

J. Turbomach 141(6), 061001 (Jan 21, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: TURBO-17-1137; doi: 10.1115/1.4041900 History: Received August 24, 2017; Revised October 21, 2018

A further investigation of an acoustic theory-based stall-warning approach is presented in this paper, which contains the basis of this approach and an application on a low-speed compressor (LSC) with a stabilization system. In the present work, this stall-warning approach is first explained through a numerical simulation in which the periodicity of pressure signals is analyzed, and then application experiments of this approach are actualized on a LSC with a stall precursor-suppressed (SPS) casing treatment (CT) as a stabilization system. For this stall-warning approach, a parameter named Rc is calculated through pressure signals of compressor to evaluate the periodicity of pressure signal, and statistical estimates are implemented on Rc so that the probabilities for Rc less than a threshold Rcth can be used as a criterion for stall warning. The numerical and experimental results both show that the signal resolution is determined by the sensor position, the prestall signal amplitude decreases rapidly with the increase of the distance between sensor and blades. Results also show that the probability increases significantly when the operating point is nearing the stall boundary. And at the same operating point, the probability value of Rc will decrease when the SPS CT is engaged. Through this stall-warning approach, a stabilization system based on SPS CT can be activated when the stall margin needs to be extended.

Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Epstein, A. H. , Ffowcs Williams, J. E. , and Greitzer, E. M. , 1989, “ Active Suppression of Aerodynamic Instabilities in Turbomachines,” J. Propul. Power, 5(2), pp. 204–211. [CrossRef]
Ffowcs Williams, J. E. , and Huang, X. Y. , 1989, “ Active Stabilization of Compressor Surge,” J. Fluid Mech., 204(1), pp. 245–262. [CrossRef]
Day, I. J. , 1993, “ Active Suppression of Rotating Stall and Surge in Axial Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115(1), pp. 40–47. [CrossRef]
Li, J. , 2017, “ Self-Adaptive Stability-Enhancing Technology With Tip Air Injection in an Axial Flow Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 139(1), p. 011008. [CrossRef]
Paduano, J. D. , Epstein, A. H. , Valavani, L. L. , Longley, J. P. , Greitzer, E. M. , and Guenette, G. R. , 1993, “ Active Control of Rotating Stall in a Low-Speed Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115(1), pp. 48–56. [CrossRef]
Haynes, J. M. , Hendricks, G. J. , and Epstein, A. H. , 1994, “ Active Stabilization of Rotating Stall in a Three-Stage Axial Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 116(2), pp. 226–239. [CrossRef]
Freeman, C. C. , Wilson, A. G. , Day, I. J. , and Swinbanks, M. A. , 1998, “ Experiments in Active Control of Stall on an Aeroengine Gas Turbine,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120(4), pp. 637–647. [CrossRef]
Li, Y. , Wu, Y. , Zhou, M. , Su, C. , Zhang, X. , and Zhu, J. , 2010, “ Control of the Corner Separation in a Compressor Cascade by Steady and Unsteady Plasma Aerodynamic Actuation,” Exp. Fluids, 48(6), pp. 1015–1023. [CrossRef]
Paduano, J. D. , Greitzer, E. M. , and Epstein, A. H. , 2001, “ Compression System Stability and Active Control,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 33(1), pp. 491–517. [CrossRef]
McDougall, N. M. , Cumpsty, N. A. , and Hynes, T. P. , 1990, “ Stall Inception in Axial Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 112(1), pp. 116–125. [CrossRef]
Garnier, V. H. , Epstein, A. H. , and Greitzer, E. M. , 1991, “ Rotating Waves as a Stall Inception Indication in Axial Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113(2), pp. 290–301. [CrossRef]
Day, I. J. , 1993, “ Stall Inception in Axial Flow Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 115(1), pp. 1–9. [CrossRef]
Tryfonidis, M. , Etchevers, O. O. , Paduano, J. D. , Epstein, A. H. , and Hendricks, G. J. , 1995, “ Prestall Behavior of Several High-Speed Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 117(1), pp. 62–80. [CrossRef]
Liao, S. , and Chen, J. , 1996, “ Time-Frequency Analysis of Compressor Rotating Stall by Means of Wavelet Transform,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-057.
Hoss, B. , Leinhos, D. , and Fottner, L. , 2000, “ Stall Inception in the Compressor System of a Turbofan Engine,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122(1), pp. 32–44. [CrossRef]
Inoue, M. M. , Kuroumaru, M. M. , Tanino, T. T. , and Furukawa, M. M. , 2000, “ Propagation of Multiple Short-Length-Scale Stall Cells in an Axial Compressor Rotor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 122(1), pp. 45–54. [CrossRef]
Sheard, A. G. , Corsini, A. , and Bianchi, S. , 2010, “ Stall Warning in a Low-Speed Axial Fan by Visualization of Sound Signals,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 133(4), p. 041601. [CrossRef]
Bright, M. M. , Qammar, H. K. , Weigl, H. J. , and Paduano, J. D. , 1997, “ Stall Precursor Identification in High-Speed Compressor Stages Using Chaotic Time Series Analysis Methods,” ASME J. Turbomach., 119(3), pp. 491–499. [CrossRef]
Escuret, J. F. , and Garnier, V. H. , 1996, “ Stall Inception Measurements in a High-Speed Multistage Compressor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 118(4), pp. 690–696. [CrossRef]
Day, I. J. , Breuer, T. T. , Escuret, J. J. , Cherrett, M. M. , and Wilson, A. A. , 1999, “ Stall Inception and the Prospects for Active Control in Four High-Speed Compressors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 121(1), pp. 18–27. [CrossRef]
Inoue, M. , Kuroumaru, M. M. , Iwamoto, T. T. , and Ando, Y. Y. , 1991, “ Detection of a Rotating Stall Precursor in Isolated Axial Flow Compressor Rotors,” ASME J. Turbomach., 113(2), pp. 281–287. [CrossRef]
Koch, C. C. , 1970, “ Experimental Evaluation of Outer Case Blowing or Bleeding of Single Stage Axial Flow Compressor,” National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC, Report No. NASA-CR-54589. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19690006778
Sun, X. , Sun, D. , Liu, X. , Yu, W. , and Wang, X. , 2014, “ Theory of Compressor Stability Enhancement Using Novel Casing Treatment—Part I: Methodology,” AIAA J. Propul. Power, 30(5), pp. 1224–1235. [CrossRef]
Sun, X. , Sun, D. , Liu, X. , Yu, W. , and Wang, X. , 2014, “ Theory of Compressor Stability Enhancement Using Novel Casing Treatment—Part II: Experiment,” AIAA J. Propul. Power, 30(5), pp. 1236–1247. [CrossRef]
Sun, D. , Sun, X. , Liu, X. , Lin, F. , and Nie, C. , 2014, “ Effect of Novel Casing Treatment on the Suppression of Stall Precursor in a Transonic Compressor,” ASME Paper No. GT2014-26439.
Dong, X. , Sun, D. , Li, F. , Jin, D. , Gui, X. , and Sun, X. , 2015, “ Effects of Rotating Inlet Distortion on Compressor Stability With SPS Casing Treatment,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 137(11), p. 111101. [CrossRef]
Young, A. , Day, I. , and Pullan, G. , 2012, “ Stall Warning by Blade Pressure Signature Analysis,” ASME J. Turbomach., 135(1), p. 011033. [CrossRef]
Dhingra, M. , Neumeier, Y. , Prasad, J. R. , Breeze-Stringfellow, A. , Shin, H. , and Szucs, P. N. , 2006, “ A Stochastic Model for a Compressor Stability Measure,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 129(3), pp. 730–737. [CrossRef]
Tahara, N. , Kurosaki, M. , Ohta, Y. , Outa, E. , and Nakajima, T. , 2004, “ Early Stall Warning Technique for Axial-Flow Compressors,” ASME Paper No. GT2004-53292.
Christensen, D. , Cantin, P. , and Gutz, D. , 2008, “ Development and Demonstration of a Stability Management System for Gas Turbine Engines,” ASME J. Turbomach., 130(3), p. 031011. [CrossRef]
Dhingra, M. , Armor, J. , Neumeier, Y. , and Prasad, J. V. R. , 2005, “ Compressor Surge: A Limit Detection and Avoidance Problem,” AIAA Paper No. 2005-6449. https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/6.2005-6449
Goldstein, M. E. , 1976, Aeroacoustics, McGraw-Hill International Book Company, New York, pp. 192–208.
Li, F. , Li, J. , Dong, X. , Zhou, Y. , Sun, D. , and Sun, X. , 2016, “ Stall-Warning Approach Based on Aeroacoustic Principle,” AIAA J. Propul. Power, 32(6), pp. 1353–1364. [CrossRef]
Zhou, D. , Wang, X. , Chen, J. , Jing, X. , and Sun, X. , 2015, “ Sound Generation by Non-Synchronously Oscillating Rotor Blades in Turbomachinery,” J. Sound Vib., 355, pp. 150–171. [CrossRef]
Wang, X. , and Sun, X. , 2015, “ Transfer Element Method With Application to Acoustic Design of Aeroengine Nacelle,” Chin. J. Aeronaut., 28(2), pp. 327–345. [CrossRef]
Sun, X. , Wang, X. , Du, L. , and Jing, X. , 2008, “ A New Model for Prediction of Turbofan Noise With the Effect of Locally and Non-Locally Reaction Liners,” J. Sound Vib., 316(1–5), pp. 50–68. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

The compressor and pressure signal

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Pressure signals of two sequential shaft periods: (a) design point and (b) near stall point

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Blade signal of certain blade and all blades

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Blade signal with decreased blade force on certain blade

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Calculation approach of Rc

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

The value of Rc and distribution function

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Schematic diagram of stall-warning approach

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Exterior and configuration of LSC (a) side view of LSC and (b) schematic of LSC: 1—inlet duct, 2—inlet total pressure comb, 3—inlet static pressure comb, 4—dynamic pressure sensor, 5—rotor blade, 6—stator blade, 7—SPS casing treatment, 8—outlet total pressure comb, 9—outlet static pressure sensor, 10—exhaust duct, 11—fixed cone, 12—annular sleeve, and 13—ac motor

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Typical configuration of SPS casing treatment: 1—slots, 2—outer casing, 3—side wall, 4—cowling, 5—back-chamber, 6—rotor, and 7—stator

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

The characteristics line of LSC and experimental conditions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Blade signal of different axial distances: (a) time‐pressuresignal and (b) spectrum of pressure signal

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Pressure signal from sensors at different axial location: (a) time‐pressure signal and (b) spectrum of pressure signal

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Decay trends of 1st order BPF with the different axial positions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Stall-warning results with SPS casing treatment: (a) 100% design speed and (b) 80% design speed

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Experimental condition of online application

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Experimental results of online application

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Stall-warning time of different F(Rcth) warning limits

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In