The problem of collision-free operation of a multiple-degree-of-redundancy manipulator operating through a window is addressed. An efficient gradient projection optimization scheme is presented for the kinematic control of manipulators with multiple degrees of redundancy. This scheme was developed for dextrous robotic and telerobotic applications in space station construction as well as in congested shop floor environment. A performance criterion is defined to maximize the shortest distances between the manipulator links and the edges of the window. Effectiveness of this scheme and the validity of the performance criterion are verified through simulations of the seven-degree-of-freedom NASA Laboratory Telerobotic Manipulator (LTM).

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