Recent work by the authors and others has uncovered the need for further chemical kinetic-related modeling and experiments, specifically for NOx kinetics at engine conditions. In particular, data on CH formation at realistic combustion conditions are needed for further refinement of the prompt-NOx kinetics. To this end, a series of shock-tube experiments to obtain CH concentration time histories at elevated temperatures was performed behind reflected shock waves at the Aerospace Corporation using a tunable laser. This Ti-Sapphire laser was operated in the near infrared at about 854 nm; blue light at 426.9 nm was obtained using an external, frequency-doubling crystal. The resulting light was used in a differential absorption setup with common-mode rejection to measure CH time histories. New measurements in CH4–C2H6–O2 mixtures highly diluted in argon were performed at temperatures between 1890 K and 2719 K. These new data are compared to several modern, detailed chemical kinetics mechanisms with updated NOx submechanisms. Sensitivity and rate of production analyses at the shock-tube conditions along with a gas turbine model are used to elucidate the current state of affairs in CH prediction by the literature models and its effect on NOx production, particularly through the prompt mechanism. A brief discussion of the chemical kinetics for an important reaction in the production of CH is also presented to emphasize the need for further study and refinement of reactions leading to CH production.