Earlier experiments have shown that cutting transverse grooves into one surface of a rectangular cross-sectional passage stimulates flow instabilities that greatly enhance heat transfer/pumping power performance of air flows in the Reynolds number range 1000 < Re < 5000. In the current work, heat transfer, pressure, and velocity measurements in a flat passage downstream from a grooved region are used to study how the flow recovers once it is disturbed. The time-averaged and unsteady velocity profiles, as well as the heat transfer coefficient, are dramatically affected for up to 20 hydraulic diameters past the end of the grooved section. The recovery lengths for shear stress and pressure gradient are significantly shorter and decrease rapidly for Reynolds numbers greater than Re = 3000. As a result, a 5.4-hydraulic-diameter-long recovery region requires 44 percent less pumping power for a given heat transfer level than if grooving continued.
Augmented Heat Transfer in a Recovery Passage Downstream From a Grooved Section: An Example of Uncoupled Heat/Momentum Transport
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Greiner, M., Chen, R., and Wirtz, R. A. (May 1, 1995). "Augmented Heat Transfer in a Recovery Passage Downstream From a Grooved Section: An Example of Uncoupled Heat/Momentum Transport." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 1995; 117(2): 303–308. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2822521
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