A numerical experiment at a pore scale using a full set of Navier-Stokes and energy equations has been conducted to simulate laminar fluid flow and heat transfer through an anisotropic porous medium. A collection of square rods placed in an infinite two-dimensional space has been proposed as a numerical model of microscopic porous structure. The degree of anisotropy was varied by changing the transverse center-to-center distance with the longitudinal center-to-center distance being fixed. Extensive calculations were carried out for various sets of the macroscopic flow angle, Reynolds number and degree of anisotropy. The numerical results thus obtained were integrated over a space to determine the permeability tensor, Forchheimer tensor and directional interfacial heat transfer coefficient. It has been found that the principal axes of the permeability tensor (which controls the viscous drag in the low Reynolds number range) differ significantly from those of the Forchheimer tensor (which controls the form drag in the high Reynolds number range), The study also reveals that the variation of the directional interfacial heat transfer coefficient with respect to the macroscopic flow angle is analogous to that of the directional permeability. Simple subscale model equations for the permeability tensor, Forchheimer tensor and directional Nusselt number have been proposed for possible applications of VAT to investigate flow and heat transfer within complex heat and fluid flow equipment consisting of small scale elements.
Heat and Fluid Flow Within an Anisotropic Porous Medium
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division October 4, 2001; revision received March 1, 2002. Associate Editor: M. Faghri.
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Nakayama, A., Kuwahara, F., Umemoto, T., and Hayashi, T. (July 16, 2002). "Heat and Fluid Flow Within an Anisotropic Porous Medium ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2002; 124(4): 746–753. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1481355
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