The turbulent convective heat transfer behavior of alumina and zirconia nanoparticle dispersions in water is investigated experimentally in a flow loop with a horizontal tube test section at various flow rates , temperatures , heat fluxes (up to ), and particle concentrations ( and for and , respectively). The experimental data are compared to predictions made using the traditional single-phase convective heat transfer and viscous pressure loss correlations for fully developed turbulent flow, Dittus–Boelter, and Blasius/MacAdams, respectively. It is shown that if the measured temperature- and loading-dependent thermal conductivities and viscosities of the nanofluids are used in calculating the Reynolds, Prandtl, and Nusselt numbers, the existing correlations accurately reproduce the convective heat transfer and viscous pressure loss behavior in tubes. Therefore, no abnormal heat transfer enhancement was observed in this study.
Experimental Investigation of Turbulent Convective Heat Transfer and Pressure Loss of Alumina/Water and Zirconia/Water Nanoparticle Colloids (Nanofluids) in Horizontal Tubes
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Williams, W., Buongiorno, J., and Hu, L. (March 21, 2008). "Experimental Investigation of Turbulent Convective Heat Transfer and Pressure Loss of Alumina/Water and Zirconia/Water Nanoparticle Colloids (Nanofluids) in Horizontal Tubes." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. April 2008; 130(4): 042412. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2818775
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