At the joints of the mechanical systems, it is well known that the parameters such as contact stiffness, static friction coefficient, kinetic friction coefficient and attenuation coefficient affect static, kinetic, thermal and motion characteristic of them strongly. In these parameters, the static friction coefficient reigns the character of maximum fixing resistance. However, there’s difficulties for measure the precise static friction coefficient on the coupling surfaces due to tiny contact surface, unstable loading method and moment force acts on the contact surface of the former device. Therefore, we developed novel measurement device and evaluated influence of the surface parameters given to static friction coefficient.
Through the validity evaluation, it was confirmed that the new measurement device enables face contact and uniform surface pressure. In addition, there’s no moment force by optimizing the loading position of the tangential force. Furthermore, validity of the static friction coefficient was checked and verified that frequency of the sampling rate is fine enough.
Finally, we proceeded to applied test with this new measurement device for evaluate the influence of the surface roughness and grinding direction given to static friction coefficient. A pair of die steels and cemented carbides was selected for specimen and static friction coefficient was measured under 60 MPa of contact pressure. Regarding influence of surface roughness, the result showed tendency that rougher surface generates lower value of the static friction coefficient. Now for grinding direction, combination of the specimen ground in orthogonal direction against tangential force showed maximum value and the specimen ground in parallel direction against tangential force showed minimum.