A precision multi-degree-of-freedom measuring (MDFM) system has been developed and implemented for the simultaneous measurement of straightness, pitch, yaw, and roll errors of the moving axes of a CMM. The system is based on the principles of laser alignment and autocollimator. Its measurement principles and the influence of laser beam drifts on its measurement quality have been investigated and some improvement schemes have been implemented. Through the measurements of actual as well as artificially created geometric errors of the CMM, it has been found that the system’s accuracy of measuring straightness error components is better than 1 μm and its accuracy for angular error measurements is better than 0.5 arcsec.

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