Abstract

We study the initiation of damage in a polymeric body in which there is a line defect due to the formation of a “weld line” that occurs when two polymer streams join together and then solidify. We show that damage initiates in the region of weakness, namely the “weld line” based on a criterion for damage that was developed earlier. We also show that if there are other stress concentrators also additionally present, such as a hole, then there is a competition between the stresses induced due to the weakness and the stress as a consequence of the stress concentrator (in this instance a hole). This study adds more credence to the criterion for the initiation of damage that is based completely on knowledge of information at the current configuration of the body, that is, the criterion for damage is not based on the value of quantities that also need information based on a reference configuration such as the stress or strain.

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