Implant placement plays a key role in trauma and orthopedics. In this paper, a generic technological concept for implant positioning assistance is outlined. The system utilizes conventional radiographic devices for imaging and tracking and embeds into surgical workflows without the need for complex navigation equipment. It is based on feature extraction from cylindrical hole-projections in X-ray images for determining spatial alignment of implant and anatomy. Basic performance of a prototype system was experimentally verified in terms of tracking accuracy and robustness under varying conditions. In a second step, the system was developed into a set of application modules, each serving a pressing clinical need: Plating of the proximal humerus, cephalic nail and dynamic hip-screw placement, general anatomic plating, distal nail interlocking with adjustment of femoral anteversion and corrective osteotomies. Module prototypes were tested according to their degree of maturity from feasibility assessment in wet-labs to clinical handling tests. Orientation tracking of reference objects yielded an accuracy and precision of 0.1±0.71 deg (mean±standard deviation) with a maximum error of 4.68 deg at unfavorable conditions. This base-performance translated, e.g., into a precision of ±1.2 mm (standard deviation) screw-tip to joint distance at proximal humerus plating, or into a precision of lag screw positioning in the femoral head of ±0.6 mm in craniocaudal and ±1.6 mm in anterioposterior direction. The concept revealed strong potential to improve surgical outcomes in a broad range of orthopedic applications due to its generic and simplistic nature. Comprehensive validation activities must follow for clinical introduction.