The experimental work reported here is concerned with the single-phase closed thermosyphon under conditions which are appropriate to a northern application: large length-diameter ratios and heated lengths much greater than cooled lengths. The purpose is twofold: to generate empirical heat transfer data which represent the conservative lower limit of performance (in the absence of boiling or bubbling); and to reveal the thermal and momentum exchange mechanisms which operate at the junction of the heated and cooled sections. The apparatus consisted of a 102-mm-dia, vertical steel pipe of overall length varying from 2 m to 6 m. The lower section of the pipe was heated by means of electric-resistive tape, and the upper section cooled by means of a water jacket. Heat transfer data, plotted in the usual form of Nusselt number versus the quotient of the Rayleigh number and the length-diameter ratio, show the effect of geometry. This data was obtained for 10 ≤ LH/d ≤ 50, and 1 ≤ LH/Lc ≤ 20. An empirical correlation is developed.
Performance of a Closed-Tube Thermosyphon With Large Length-Diameter Ratios
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Lock, G. S. H., and Simpson, G. A. (February 1, 1989). "Performance of a Closed-Tube Thermosyphon With Large Length-Diameter Ratios." ASME. J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng. February 1989; 111(1): 22–28. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3257134
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