High explosive reactions can be caused by three general energy deposition processes: impact ignition by frictional and/or shear heating; bulk thermal heating; and shock compression. The violence of the subsequent reaction varies from benign slow combustion to catastrophic detonation of the entire charge. The degree of violence depends on many variables, including the rate of energy delivery, the physical and chemical properties of the explosive, and the strength of the confinement surrounding the explosive charge. The current state of experimental and computer-modeling research on the violence of impact, thermal, and shock-induced reactions is briefly reviewed in this paper.
On the Violence of High Explosive Reactions
Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the PVP Division August 27, 2004; revision received September 1, 2004. Review conducted by: S. Zamrik.
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Tarver, C. M., and Chidester, S. K. (March 15, 2005). "On the Violence of High Explosive Reactions." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2005; 127(1): 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1845474
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