Abstract

To study tribological enhancements of MXene-Ti3C2 under harsh environmental conditions (acidification, emulsification, and high-temperature oxidation), the textured CSS-42L bearing steel surfaces filled with Sn-Ag-Cu-Ti3C2 (TSs-SACT) were prepared. Under harsh conditions, lubrication properties of TSs-SACT were investigated. The results showed that the vibrations of frictional forces and loads of TSs-SACT with the best antifriction performance were suppressed. The curves of instantaneous frictional forces of TSs-SACT were the smoothest, and the amplitudes of instantaneous loads were reduced. Sn-Ag-Cu-Ti3C2 with good adsorption could inhibit the oil film ruptures, which improves the lubrication. TSs-SACT induced the tribochemical reactions to produce the intermetallic compounds and oxides with good tribological properties, resulting in the uniform profiles with excellent antifriction performance and wear resistance.

References

1.
Jacques
,
K.
,
Joy
,
T.
,
Shirani
,
A.
, and
Berman
,
D.
,
2019
, “
Effect of Water Incorporation on the Lubrication Characteristics of Synthetic Oils
,”
Tribol. Lett.
,
67
(
4
), p.
105
.
2.
Tang
,
J.
,
Ding
,
Q.
,
Zhang
,
G.
, and
Hu
,
L.
,
2015
, “
The Influence of Total Acid Number of Ester oil in Tribological Behavior of DLC Contacts
,”
Tribol. Trans.
,
58
(
5
), pp.
849
858
.
3.
Cao
,
S.
, and
Mischler
,
S.
,
2020
, “
Tribocorrosion of a CoCrMo Alloy in Sulfuric Acid-Glycerol Mixtures
,”
Wear
,
458
, p.
203443
.
4.
Adebogun
,
A.
,
Hudson
,
R.
,
Matthews
,
A.
, and
Withers
,
P. J.
,
2020
, “
Industrial Gear Oils: Influence of Bulk Oil Temperature and Contact Pressure on Tribological Performance and Subsurface Changes
,”
Tribol. Lett.
,
68
(
1
), p.
48
.
5.
Cai
,
Z. B.
,
Zhou
,
Y.
, and
Qu
,
J.
,
2015
, “
Effect of Oil Temperature on Tribological Behavior of a Lubricated Steel-Steel Contact
,”
Wear
,
332–333
, pp.
1158
1163
.
6.
Qiu
,
Z. F.
,
Wang
,
F. F.
,
Li
,
Q. S.
,
Zheng
,
L. J.
,
Zhang
,
F. X.
, and
Zhang
,
H.
,
2020
, “
Corrosion and Mechanical Properties for Cr-Coated CSS-42L Bearing Steel After Ti and C Ions Co-implantation
,”
Appl. Surf. Sci.
,
509
, p.
145293
.
7.
Wang
,
F. F.
,
Zheng
,
L. J.
,
Li
,
Q. S.
,
Zhang
,
F. X.
,
Chen
,
X. H.
, and
Zhang
,
H.
,
2018
, “
Corrosion Properties of Carbon Ions Implanted Chromium Coating Prepared on CSS-42L Aerospace Bearing Steel
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
349
, pp.
392
399
.
8.
Wang
,
F. F.
,
Zhou
,
C. G.
,
Zheng
,
L. J.
, and
Zhang
,
H.
,
2017
, “
Improvement of the Corrosion and Tribological Properties of CSS-42L Aerospace Bearing Steel Using Carbon ion Implantation
,”
Appl. Surf. Sci.
,
392
, pp.
305
311
.
9.
Hua
,
X. J.
,
Puoza
,
J. C.
,
Sun
,
J. G.
,
Zhang
,
P. Y.
,
Ji
,
J. H.
,
Wang
,
H.
,
Fu
,
H.
, and
Kang
,
Z. Y.
,
2017
, “
Experimental Analysis of Friction and Wear of Laser Microtextured Surface Filled With Composite Solid Lubricant and Lubricated With Grease on Sliding Surfaces
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
139
(
2
), p.
021609
.
10.
Rosenkranz
,
A.
,
Costa
,
H. L.
,
Baykara
,
M. Z.
, and
Martini
,
A.
,
2021
, “
Synergetic Effects of Surface Texturing and Solid Lubricants to Tailor Friction and Wear—A Review
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
155
, p.
106792
.
11.
Zeng
,
F.
,
Cheng
,
Y.
,
Wan
,
Z.
,
Long
,
Z.
,
Zhang
,
Z.
, and
Tang
,
Y.
,
2022
, “
Tribological Performance of Circular-Concave-and-Spherical-Convex Compound Texture Under Hydrodynamic Lubrication
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
144
(
4
), p.
041805
.
12.
Hu
,
T.C.
,
Hu
,
L.T.
, and
Ding
,
Q.
,
2012
, “
Effective Solution for the Tribological Problems of Ti-6Al-4V: Combination of Laser Surface Texturing and Solid Lubricant Film
,”
Surf. Coat. Tech.
,
206
, pp.
5060
5066
.
13.
Zhai
,
W.
,
Bai
,
L.
,
Zhou
,
R.
,
Fan
,
X.
,
Kang
,
G.
,
Liu
,
Y.
, and
Zhou
,
K.
,
2021
, “
Recent Progress on Wear-Resistant Materials: Designs, Properties, and Applications
,”
Adv. Sci.
,
8
(
11
), p.
2003739
.
14.
Atwal
,
J. C.
, and
Pandey
,
R. K.
,
2021
, “
Film Thickness and Friction Investigations in a Fluid Film Thrust Bearing Employing a New Conceived Micro-texture on Pads
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
143
(
6
), p.
061801
.
15.
Meng
,
Y.
,
Deng
,
J. X.
,
Zhang
,
Y.
,
Wang
,
S.J.
,
Li
,
X. M.
,
Yue
,
H.Z.
, and
Ge
,
D. L.
,
2020
, “
Tribological Properties of Textured Surfaces Fabricated on AISI 1045 Steels by Ultrasonic Surface Rolling Under dry Reciprocating Sliding
,”
Wear
,
460–461
, p.
203488
.
16.
Zhang
,
D.
,
Li
,
Z.
,
Wang
,
L.
,
Kong
,
L.
,
Gao
,
F.
, and
Wang
,
Q.
,
2021
, “
Study on Tribological Properties of Boronized and Textured Composite Surface and its Application on Camshaft Connecting-Rod Type Hydraulic Motor
,”
Wear
,
482-483
, p.
203964
.
17.
Yang
,
K.
,
Zhang
,
F.
,
Ma
,
Y.
,
Cao
,
Z.
,
Ma
,
H.
,
Zhang
,
C.
, and
Liang
,
Y.
,
2020
, “
Simple Synthesis of the Composite Coating and the Lubrication Mechanisms of the Spherical SnAgCu-Al2O3
,”
Wear
,
462–463
, p.
203514
.
18.
Lu
,
G. C.
,
Shi
,
X. L.
,
Zhang
,
J.
,
Zhou
,
H. Y.
,
Xue
,
Y. W.
, and
Ibrahim
,
A. M. M.
,
2020
, “
Effects of Surface Composite Structure With Micro-Grooves and Sn-Ag-Cu on Reducing Friction and Wear of Ni3Al Alloys
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
387
, p.
125540
.
19.
Zhou
,
H. Y.
,
Shi
,
X. L.
,
Lu
,
G. C.
,
Chen
,
Y.
,
Yang
,
Z. Y.
,
Wu
,
C. H.
,
Xue
,
Y. W.
, and
Ibrahim
,
A. M. M.
,
2020
, “
Friction and Wear Behaviors of TC4 Alloy With Surface Microporous Channels Filled by Sn-Ag-Cu and Al2O3 Nanoparticles
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
387
, p.
125552
.
20.
Malaki
,
M.
, and
Varma
,
R. S.
,
2020
, “
Mechanotribological Aspects of MXene-Reinforced Nanocomposites
,”
Adv. Mater.
,
32
(
38
), p.
2003154
.
21.
Ji
,
Z. J.
,
Zhang
,
L.
,
Xie
,
G. X.
,
Xu
,
W. H.
,
Guo
,
D.
,
Luo
,
J. B.
, and
Prakash
,
B.
,
2020
, “
Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Nanocomposites Incorporated With Two-Dimensional Materials
,”
Friction
,
8
(
5
), pp.
813
846
.
22.
Meng
,
F. N.
,
Zhang
,
Z. Y.
,
Gao
,
P. L.
,
Kang
,
R. Y.
,
Boyjoo
,
Y.
,
Yu
,
J. H.
, and
Liu
,
T. T.
,
2021
, “
Excellent Tribological Properties of Epoxy-Ti3C2 With Three-Dimensional Nanosheets Composites
,”
Friction
,
9
(
4
), pp.
734
746
.
23.
Wyatt
,
B. C.
,
Rosenkranz
,
A.
, and
Anasori
,
B.
,
2021
, “
2D MXenes: Tunable Mechanical and Tribological Properties
,”
Adv. Mater.
,
33
(
17
), p.
2007973
.
24.
Chen
,
J. F.
, and
Zhao
,
W. J.
,
2021
, “
Simple Method for Preparing Nanometer Thick Ti3C2TX Sheets Towards Highly Efficient Lubrication and Wear Resistance
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
153
, p.
106598
.
25.
Guo
,
L. H.
,
Zhang
,
Y. M.
,
Zhang
,
G.
,
Wang
,
Q. H.
, and
Wang
,
T. M.
,
2021
, “
MXene-Al2O3 Synergize to Reduce Friction and Wear on Epoxy-Steel Contacts Lubricated With Ultra-low Sulfur Diesel
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
153
, p.
106588
.
26.
Xue
,
Y. W.
,
Wu
,
C. H.
,
Shi
,
X. L.
,
Huang
,
Q. P.
, and
Ibrahim
,
A. M. M.
,
2022
, “
Effects of Groove-Textured Surfaces Filled With Sn-Ag-Cu and MXene-Ti3C2 Composite Lubricants on Tribological Properties of CSS-42L Bearing Steel
,”
Friction
,
10
(
7
), pp.
1091
1113
.
27.
Xue
,
Y. W.
,
Wu
,
C. H.
,
Shi
,
X. L.
,
Zhang
,
K. P.
, and
Huang
,
Q. P.
,
2021
, “
High Temperature Tribological Behavior of Textured CSS-42L Bearing Steel Filled With Sn-Ag-Cu-Ti3C2
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
164
, p.
107205
.
28.
Bajwa
,
R. S.
,
Tudela
,
I.
,
Verbickas
,
R.
,
Palamarciuc
,
I.
, and
Zhang
,
Y.
,
2020
, “
Friction and Wear Performance of Sn-Based Coatings Under Hydrodynamic, Mixed and Boundary Lubrication
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
149
, p.
105695
.
29.
Gropper
,
D.
,
Wang
,
L.
, and
Harvey
,
T. J.
,
2016
, “
Hydrodynamic Lubrication of Textured Surfaces: A Review of Modeling Techniques and Key Findings
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
94
, pp.
509
529
.
30.
Costa
,
H. L.
, and
Hutchings
,
I. M.
,
2007
, “
Hydrodynamic Lubrication of Textured Steel Surfaces Under Reciprocating Sliding Conditions
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
40
(
8
), pp.
1227
1238
.
31.
Yagi
,
K.
,
Matsunaka
,
W.
, and
Sugimura
,
J.
,
2021
, “
Impact of Textured Surfaces in Starved Hydrodynamic Lubrication
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
154
, p.
106756
.
32.
Rodrigues
,
T. A.
,
Costa
,
H. L.
, and
da Silva
,
W. M.
, Jr.
,
2021
, “
Sliding Wear Behavior of Electrochemically Textured Surfaces Under Different Lubrication Regimes: Effects of Curvature Radius
,”
Wear
,
477
, p.
203817
.
33.
Sun
,
Q. C.
,
Hu
,
T. C.
,
Fan
,
H. Z.
,
Zhang
,
Y. S.
, and
Hu
,
L. T.
,
2016
, “
Thermal Oxidation Behavior and Tribological Properties of Textured TC4 Surface: Influence of Thermal Oxidation Temperature and Time
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
94
, pp.
479
489
.
You do not currently have access to this content.