Experimental results are presented that describe the effects of embedded, longitudinal vortices on heat transfer and film injectant downstream of a single row of film cooling holes with compound angle orientations. Holes are spaced 7.8 hole diameters apart in the spanwise direction so that information is obtained on the interactions between the vortices and the injectant from a single hole. The compound angle holes are oriented so that their angles with respect to the test surface are 30 deg in a spanwise/normal plane projection, and 35 deg in a streamwise/normal plane projection. A blowing ratio of 0.5 is employed and the ratio of vortex core diameter to hole diameter is 1.6–1.67 just downstream of the injection holes (x/d=10.2). At the same location, vortex circulation magnitudes range from 0.15 m2/s to 0.18 m2/s. The most important conclusion is that local heat transfer and injectant distributions are strongly affected by the longitudinal embedded vortices, including their directions of rotation and their spanwise positions with respect to film injection holes. To obtain information on the latter, clockwise rotating vortices R0–R4 and counterclockwise rotating vortices L0–L4 are placed at different spanwise locations with respect to the central injection hole located on the spanwise centerline. With vortices R0–R4, the greatest disruption to the film is produced by the vortex whose downwash passes over the central hole (R0). With vortices L0–L4, the greatest disruption is produced by the vortices whose cores pass over the central hole (L1 and L2). To minimize such disruptions, vortex centers must pass at least 1.5 vortex core diameters away from an injection hole on the upwash sides of the vortices and 2.9 vortex core diameters away on the downwash sides of the vortices. Differences resulting from vortex rotation are due to secondary flow vectors, especially beneath vortex cores, which are in different directions with respect to the spanwise velocity components of injectant after it exits the holes. When secondary flow vectors near the wall are in the same direction as the spanwise components of the injectant velocity (vortices R0–R4), the film injectant is more readily swept beneath vortex cores and into vortex upwash regions than for the opposite situation in which near-wall secondary flow vectors are opposite to the spanwise components of the injectant velocity (vortices L0–L4). Consequently, higher Stanton numbers are generally present over larger portions of the test surface with vortices R0–R4 than with vortices L0–L4.
Effects of Embedded Vortices on Injectant From Film Cooling Holes With Large Spanwise Spacing and Compound Angle Orientations in a Turbulent Boundary Layer
Ligrani, P. M., and Mitchell, S. W. (October 1, 1994). "Effects of Embedded Vortices on Injectant From Film Cooling Holes With Large Spanwise Spacing and Compound Angle Orientations in a Turbulent Boundary Layer." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 1994; 116(4): 709–720. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2929464
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