A previously unidentified loss producing mechanism resulting from the interaction of a transonic rotor blade row with an upstream stator blade row is described. This additional loss occurs only when the two blade rows are spaced closer together axially. Time-accurate simulations of the flow and high-response static pressure measurements acquired on the stator blade surface reveal important aspects of the fluid dynamics of the production of this additional loss. At close spacing the rotor bow shock is chopped by the stator trailing edge. The chopped bow shock becomes a pressure wave on the upper surface of the stator that is nearly normal to the flow and that propagates upstream. In the reference frame relative to this pressure wave, the flow is supersonic and thus a moving shock wave that produces an entropy rise and loss is experienced. The effect of this outcome of blade-row interaction is to lower the efficiency, pressure ratio, and mass flow rate observed as blade-row axial spacing is reduced from far to close. The magnitude of loss production is affected by the strength of the bow shock and how much it turns as it interacts with the trailing edge of the stator. At far spacing the rotor bow shock degenerates into a bow wave before it interacts with the stator trailing edge and no significant pressure wave forms on the stator upper surface. For this condition, no additional loss is produced.
Stator-Rotor Interactions in a Transonic Compressor—Part 2: Description of a Loss-Producing Mechanism
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002. Manuscript received by the IGTI November 7, 2001. Paper No. 2002-GT-30495. Review Chair: E. Benvenuti.
Gorrell, S. E., Okiishi, T. H., and Copenhaver, W. W. (April 23, 2003). "Stator-Rotor Interactions in a Transonic Compressor—Part 2: Description of a Loss-Producing Mechanism ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2003; 125(2): 336–345. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1540120
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