The development of high-performance turbine airfoils has been investigated under the condition of a supersonic exit Mach number. In order to obtain a new aerodynamic design concept for a high-loaded turbine rotor blade, we employed an evolutionary algorithm for numerical optimization. The target of the optimization method, which is called evolutionary strategy (ES), was the minimization of the total pressure loss and the deviation angle. The optimization process includes the representation of the airfoil geometry, the generation of the grid for a blade-to-blade computational fluid dynamics analysis, and a two-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver with a low-Re turbulence model in order to evaluate the performance. Some interesting aspects, for example, a double shock system, an early transition, and a redistribution of aerodynamic loading on blade surface, observed in the optimized airfoil, are discussed. The increased performance of the optimized blade has been confirmed by detailed experimental investigation, using conventional probes, hotfilms, and L2F system.
A Study of Advanced High-Loaded Transonic Turbine Airfoils
Sonoda, T., Arima, T., Olhofer, M., Sendhoff, B., Kost, F., and Giess, P. (March 1, 2004). "A Study of Advanced High-Loaded Transonic Turbine Airfoils." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2006; 128(4): 650–657. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2221325
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